Reverse Robin Hood: Six Billion Dollar Businesses Preying on Poor People

‘Making cash off the indegent continues to be a booming company, ‘ laments Quigley. (picture: Jeremy Brooks/flickr/cc)

Many see families in poverty and look for to simply help. Other people see families in poverty to discover possibilities for profit.

Listed here are six types of billion dollar companies that are constructed on breaking up poor people, specially folks of color, from their cash, the opposite Robin Hood.

Always Always Always Check Cashing Organizations

Always Check cashing companies. Money a $100 check? At Walmart which is $3. At TD bank non-customers spend $5 to cash a check from their bank.

Almost 10 million households containing 25 million people don’t have any banking account in accordance with the FDIC. Many simply because they would not have enough money to keep at least stability within their account.

Always check cashing company are section of a $100 billion industry greater than 6,500 check cashing companies in america, numerous which provide cash instructions, household bill re re re payments and stuff like that, in accordance with testimony supplied to Congress because of the industry.

Pawn Stores

Significantly more than 30 million individuals use pawn store financing services for an loan that is average of150. One business, money America, has 84 check cashing facilities and 859 financing places in the usa, over 260 in Texas alone, expanding over $1 billion in pawn loans. Inside their 2014 yearly report they disclose that 30 % of people never come back to redeem the product they pawned as well as the purchase of the things accocunts for over 1 / 2 of the organization profits. The business paid millions in charges in 2013 for overcharging people in the armed services and filing inaccurate court pleadings in lots and lots of situations. The CEO was presented with $6 million in 2014.

Overdraft Charges

Overdraft charges, if you find maybe not money that is enough the bank checking account or charge card to pay for all acquisitions, is definitely an $11 billion industry for banking institutions, in accordance with the customer Financial Protection Bureau. A recently available nyc Times article describes just exactly how banking institutions sometimes charge overdraft charges even though the client has sufficient profit their records to pay for the acquisition and had been obligated to spend significantly more than a billion bucks for manipulating your order of acquisitions to increase the possibilities that their clients will need to spend additional costs.

Pay Day Loans

Pay day loans are employed by people over 15 million times per year and certainly will result in deep financial obligation issues and frequently include amazing percentages as high as 391 % based on the customer Financial Protection Bureau.

Pew Charitable Trusts reported spend day loans really are a $7 billion buck per year industry. The Federal Trade Commission won a $300 million situation against two payday lenders who had been deceiving borrowers, whom, for instance, took away a $300 loan reasoning it could possibly be paid back for $390 when in fact the lending company ended up being charging you $975 to settle the $300 loan. The usa Department of Justice indicted previous battle vehicle motorist Scott Tucker on unlawful costs for running a $2 billion nationwide pay day loan procedure which regularly charged interest on loans for over 4.5 million individuals of 400 to 700 per cent each year. The nation’s pay day loan that is largest business, Advance America, charged almost 140,000 individuals in new york yearly percentage prices surpassing 450 per cent until it had been stopped because of hawaii.

Automobile Title Loans


Never ever Skip a Beat.

Get our most useful brought to your inbox.

A lot more than 2 million individuals utilize car name loans on a yearly basis, spending about $3 billion in fees every year, with typical annual portion prices of 300 %, in line with the Pew Charitable Trusts. The middle for Responsible Lending estimates there are over 7000 organizations which loan money to individuals centered on keeping the name with their vehicles, often charging you as much as 300 per cent interest that is annual that they advertise as 25 % every month. The typical debtor gets a loan of $951 and takes care of $3,093.

Commercial collection agency

Business collection agencies is just a $13 billion buck per year industry using significantly more than 140,000 employees in 6,000 organizations, based on the Consumer Financial Protection that is federal Bureau.

Loan companies make a lot more than 1 billion (yes having a b! ) connections with customers every year, based on their industry that is own publication. Twelve million individuals (5.3 % of consumers) are in minimum 1 month behind on the re re payments, based on the Urban Institute. Thirty-five per cent of most adults with credit files, 77 million individuals, have actually financial obligation in collection reported in their files. Professional Publica reviewed 5 years of court judgments and discovered the price of judgements was two times as saturated in mostly neighborhoods that are black it had been in white people.

The buyer Financial Protection Bureau has over 74,000 complaints about poor commercial collection agency, its number 1 problem, relating to a present report regarding the Alliance for A simply Society.

They are perhaps perhaps maybe not companies that are just small big names like Citigroup, Capital One, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America and Wells Fargo, in reality the Alliance for only Society reported the top businesses with debt collections are making almost $100 million in efforts to federal prospects and events since 2001 and another $280 million on federal lobbyists.

Citibank ended up being sued twice because of the federal CFPB over falsified documents and supplying inaccurate information in financial obligation collections and decided to settle the truth.

The debt collector because of the biggest number of complaints, Encore Capital Group, focuses on purchasing up debts off their creditors after which filing thousands of legal actions ended up being obligated to cancel significantly more than 4,500 court judgments against borrowers in nyc after it absolutely was faced with filing shoddy legal actions.

JPMorgan Chase paid over $130 million to stay an instance against it brought by lawyer generals from 47 states for improperly debts that are collecting what’s called robo-signing, where appropriate papers are authorized and filed without proper review. JPMorgan earlier in the day paid $389 million in fines and refunds to credit-card customers for difficulties with debt collections.


There was some great news. Democrats created and passed into legislation the customer Financial Protection Bureau which will be now just starting to gain some traction in monitoring and managing these practices that are predatory. Bad news is the fact that Republicans like Ted Cruz are attempting to destroy it plus some Democrats are attempting to hobble it. There are additionally groups that are good the middle for Responsible Lending which offer exemplary info on the abuses. However in the meantime earning money off the indegent stays a booming business.